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EV Wars and Breakthroughs: BYD to Overtake Tesla, CATL’s New Battery With 1.5M KM Range

Chinese electric vehicle maker BYD is poised to surpass Tesla in battery electric vehicle (BEV) sales this year, according to a Counterpoint Research report. This marks a significant shift in the global EV market.

In related news, another Chinese battery maker shocked the industry with its new lithium battery pack that has 1.5 million km range.

BYD Surges Ahead in Global BEV Sales

In the second quarter, BYD’s BEV sales surged nearly 21% year-on-year to 426,039 units. Meanwhile, Tesla’s deliveries dropped 4.8% to 443,956 vehicles, according to CNBC’s calculations.

Last year, BYD’s total production, including both battery-only and hybrid cars, exceeded 3 million units. As such, the Chinese EV manufacturer outpaced Tesla’s 1.84 million cars for the second consecutive year.

BYD produced 1.6 million battery-only cars and 1.4 million hybrids, leaving Tesla as the leader in BEV production. But BYD had already overtaken Tesla in Q4 2023 performance as seen below. 

BYD overtakes tesla in Q4 2023

Despite losing the top EV vendor spot to Tesla in the first quarter, BYD continues to lead in China, which remains a dominant force in the BEV market. 

Global BEV sales are expected to reach 10 million at the end of 2024. This is supported by efforts to enhance cost-efficiency and affordability of EVs and EV batteries, as the decline of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles continues.

  • By 2030, Chinese BEV sales are projected to surpass the combined sales of North America and Europe.

Counterpoint estimates China’s BEV sales to be 4x that of North America’s in 2024. The report further predicts China will maintain more than 50% of the global BEV market share until 2027. 

However, the European Union recently announced additional tariffs on EVs imported from China to address the potential threat to the EU industry. 


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Geopolitical Moves Shaping the Future of EVs 

This EU decision follows an extensive 8-month investigation revealing that Chinese EV manufacturers benefit significantly from government subsidies, enabling them to undercut European competitors on pricing and capture a substantial market share within Europe. 

BYD and other Chinese EV companies will be heavily impacted by the tariffs. 

BYD will face a 17.4% tariff, Geely an extra 20%, and SAIC the highest at 38.1%. This is on top of the standard 10% duty on imported EVs. These provisional tariffs will take effect from July 4 if negotiations with Chinese authorities do not yield a resolution.

An expert noted that these tariffs aim to level the playing field for European EV manufacturers. They might push Chinese automakers toward emerging markets such as the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and Australia.

In contrast to the US approach of imposing 100% tariffs to block Chinese EV imports entirely, the EU seeks a balanced approach that maintains EV affordability while addressing subsidy-driven market distortions.

Looking forward, Chinese automakers may explore local production in Europe to mitigate tariff impacts, reflecting efforts to adapt to evolving trade dynamics in the global automotive sector. 

Amid these geopolitical tensions among major EV-producing regions, the world’s largest EV battery maker, Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. (CATL) continues to innovate and produce the most advanced battery for sustainable mobility. 

Beating Range Anxiety for Zero-Emission Vehicles

Chinese battery makers, led by CATL and BYD, expanded rapidly last year, capturing over two-thirds of the global EV battery capacity. Their batteries are already integrated into EVs produced by Tesla, Ford, BMW, Toyota, Mercedes-Benz, Kia, and several other major automakers.

EV battery supplier capacity installed 2023
Source: Counterpoint Research report

Most notably, CATL has introduced a revolutionary electric vehicle (EV) battery capable of powering cars for 1.5 million kilometers (over 930,000 miles) with zero degradation.

CATL’s new lithium battery technology marks a significant milestone in EV innovation. It promises a minimal decrease in range over its lifespan, offering high-quality and reliable performance that mitigates range anxiety. 

The battery is covered by a warranty ensuring less than 10% degradation over the first 1.5 million kilometers or 15 years, whichever comes first, utilizing CATL’s patented M3P chemistry. This achievement positions CATL as a leader in extending EV autonomy and durability. 

The lithium-metal phosphate battery can endure over 3,000 cycles, supported by advancements in molecule stability, heat management, and battery management systems. Manufactured with modern techniques, these batteries could transform the sustainability and cost-effectiveness of long-distance EV driving.

CATL new lithium EV battery 1.5 km million miles range
CATL new battery breakthrough that could last 1.5 million km range

CATL’s new lithium-ion battery technology offers several key advantages over traditional batteries, most notably extending lifespan potentially for centuries. This breakthrough is expected to fuel the continued growth of EVs due to its exceptional performance.

Looking ahead, EVs equipped with these batteries could feasibly travel over 1 million miles without needing a battery replacement. This capability represents a significant advancement in EV durability and reliability, promising to reshape long-term vehicle ownership and sustainability.

The rise of BYD and the challenges faced by Tesla reflect a dynamic shift in the global electric vehicle market. As geopolitical tensions influence trade policies, innovations in lithium battery technology continue to redefine the future of sustainable mobility.

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