HomeCarbon NewsCopper’s Price Breakout and Big Role in a Net Zero World

Copper’s Price Breakout and Big Role in a Net Zero World

Copper is a metal in high demand amidst the energy transition towards net zero emissions and low carbon. This demand stems from its crucial role in powering many technologies pivotal to this transition, including renewable energy generation, electric vehicles, and efficient grid infrastructure.

Copper Prices are Breaking Out

In 2024, copper equities experienced a significant upturn, largely driven by a series of market dynamics including reductions in Chinese smelter activity, global supply concerns, and robust demand forecasts

copper price

Notably, companies like Antofagasta have seen their share values surge, with the top five copper firms witnessing impressive growth. They outperform the broader materials sector.

Supply Challenges and Market Optimism

The closure of the Cobre Panama mine, a substantial global copper source, shifted market expectations from surplus to deficit, contributing to the upward price trajectory. This shift was amplified in March when Chinese smelters decided to reduce output amid a concentrate shortage, leading to a notable price increase as seen below. 

copper prices climb 2024

Market analysts suggest this trend reflects a mix of speculative buying and genuine supply constraints, pointing to a potentially sustained bullish market for copper.

Meanwhile, the majority of copper-focused equities are currently at or near their 52-week highs. Many are trading above consensus net asset value and analysts’ long-term copper price assumptions.

Implications for Investors and Future Demand

While the rally in copper prices is encouraging for investors, analysts caution that the market needs to validate this trend beyond short-term momentum. The sector’s performance could influence earnings, especially if copper maintains its price above $4 per pound.

Beyond immediate market mechanics, copper’s role in powering AI technology and supporting green energy transitions underscores its long-term value. This signals a sustained demand and investment interest in the metal’s future.

The Critical Role of Copper in Net Zero

Copper plays a crucial role in achieving net zero goals due to its indispensable properties in various key technologies essential for the transition to sustainable energy.

As the world shifts towards renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power, copper is vital for the efficient transmission and distribution of electricity. Additionally, copper is integral in the manufacturing of electric vehicles (EVs) and the development of robust grid infrastructure to support EV adoption.

Its conductivity, durability, and efficiency make copper an essential component in enabling the transition to a cleaner, more sustainable energy landscape. And thereby, contributing significantly to the realization of net zero emissions targets.

Here are the detailed reasons for copper’s significance:

High Electrical Conductivity

Copper has the highest electrical conductivity rating of all non-precious metals. This property is crucial for the efficient transmission of electricity in various applications, including renewable energy technologies like solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind turbines, as well as electric vehicles (EVs) and the infrastructure that supports them, such as charging stations and the electrical grid.

copper demand for wind and solar
Image from Visualcapitalist.com

Thermal Conductivity and Efficiency

Copper’s thermal efficiency is about 60% greater than aluminum, which means it can remove heat far more rapidly. This makes it ideal for use in components that generate significant amounts of heat, such as electric motors and inverters. Efficient heat dissipation is essential for maintaining the performance and longevity of these components.

Ductility and Malleability

Copper is easily shaped into wires, pipes, or sheets, which is beneficial for manufacturing a wide range of components used in renewable energy systems and EVs. Its ductility allows for the creation of fine, intricate wiring needed in advanced electrical systems.


Copper is 100% recyclable and can be used repeatedly without any loss of performance. This sustainability aspect is critical for the energy transition, as it supports the circular economy and reduces the need for new mining activities.

Essential Role in Renewable Energy Technologies

Renewable energy systems, such as solar PV and wind turbines, require significantly more copper compared to traditional energy systems. For instance, solar PV installations can use between 2,450–6,985kg of copper per megawatt of power generation, and a typical 660-kW wind turbine contains around 350kg of copper. The copper is used in the cabling, wiring, and heat exchangers that are integral to the operation of these systems.

copper in renewable energy for net zero

Demand in Electric Vehicles

EVs use up to four times as much copper when compared to an internal combustion engine (ICE) passenger car. Copper is used in every major EV component, from the motor to the inverter and the electrical wiring. A fully electric vehicle can use up to a mile of copper wiring, according to Wood Mackenzie.

Infrastructure Development

As the transition to renewable energy and electrification accelerates, the demand for copper in infrastructure development, such as power grids and charging stations, is expected to rise. Copper is used extensively in the electrical grid to connect renewable energy sources to consumers and in charging stations to facilitate the rapid charging of EVs.

Copper Supply and Demand Challenges for Net Zero

The demand for copper is projected to grow significantly, with estimates suggesting that it could nearly double by 2035. However, the supply of copper is not keeping pace with this demand, leading to concerns about potential shortages that could hinder the energy transition

copper supply and demand for net zero
Chart from Visualcapitalist.com

New mining initiatives and increased recycling efforts are needed to meet the growing demand for copper in the energy transition.

Copper’s unique physical properties, its role in renewable energy technologies, and its importance in the infrastructure necessary for a low-carbon future are the main reasons for its high demand in the energy transition to net zero emissions

The challenges associated with meeting this demand underscore the need for strategic investments in copper production and recycling to support the global shift toward sustainable energy sources.

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